THE UK

The United Kingdom consists of four countries: EnglandScotlandWales and Northern IrelandThe British Isles is the geographic term for the group of islands that also includes the Republic of Ireland.

The area of the United Kingdom is around 245,000 square kilometres. The capital is London, situated on the River Thames in the south-eastern part of England.

The names United Kingdom, Great Britain, and England are often confused, even by United Kingdom inhabitants. Great Britain consists of England, Wales, and Scotland, while the United Kingdom also includes Northern Ireland.

 

Capital cities: The capital city of the UK is London, which is also the capital of England. For Wales the capital is Cardiff, for Scotland it is Edinburgh, and for Northern Ireland it is Belfast.

English is spoken throughout the UK, but there are other official languages too, such as Welsh, Scots and Gaelic.

COUNTRY                                ADJECTIVE                       PERSON

1.UK/GREAT BRITAIN           BRITISH                             BRITON

2.ENGLAND                             ENGLISH                           ENGLISHMAN/WOMAN

3.SCOTLAND                           SCOTTISH,SCOTCH         SCOT,

SCOTSMAN/WOMAN

4.WALES                                  WELSH                                WELSHMAN/WOMAN

5.N. IRELAND                          IRISH                                   IRISHMAN/WOMAN

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NEPRAVILNI GLAGOLI

INFINITIV PAST SIMPLE-PROŠLO VREME PAST PARTICIPLE-PARTICIP PROŠLI PREVOD
HAVE HAD HAD IMATI

 

SEE SAW SEEN VIDETI

 

WRITE WROTE WRITTEN PISATI

 

GIVE GAVE GIVEN DATI

 

MAKE MADE MADE PRAVITI

 

GO WENT GONE IĆI

 

BUY BOUGHT BOUGHT KUPITI

 

DRINK DRANK DRUNK PITI

 

COME CAME COME DOĆI

 

SPEAK SPOKE SPOKEN GOVORITI

 

BUILD BUILT BUILT GRADITI

 

THINK THOUGHT THOUGHT MISLITI

 

LEARN LEARNT LEARNT UČITI

 

BE WASS/WERE BEEN JESAM, BITI

 

WIN WON WON POBEDITI

 

LEAVE LEFT LEFT OTIĆI, NAPUSTITI

 

BECOME BECAME BECOME POSTATI

 

       

 

       

 

       

 

       

 

       

 

       

 

       

 

       

 

       

 

       

 

       

 

Za lakše prepričavanje

 

Phra Pachak is  thirteen and he is a monk.  A monk doesn’t go out without his robes.

In Thailand most Buddhist boys become monks for a year. A monk lives with almost no possessions.

A monk lives in a monastery and he is supposed to wear his orange robes. A monk doesn’t wear jeans or  T-shirts.

It is against the rules to have  jewellery or mobile phones in the monastery but they are allowed to have some family photos.

Their only other possessions are a bowl, a cup, sandals and an umbrella.

Every day, very early in the morning, they walk around the streets with their bowls and people give them food. They aren’t allowed to have  money so they can’t buy food.

Laura  is fourteen. She is from Stockport, UK.

She doesn’t go out without her school tie and her purse. The tie is part of her school uniform.

She has got her house key, her library card and her  elecrronic ID card in her purse.

Her school is very strict. Thjey use the ID card when they arrive to school and when they go into each class. Thje head teacher doesn’t ask the teachers how many classes they go to. The ID cards give  the head teacher this information.

They use the ID cards to pay for lunch, so they don’ t use money at school. She has got a mobile phone but they are  not allowed to use them at school. It’s against the rules.

Remember this!

People call Stephen Wiltshire  “ a human camera“. He spent twenty minutes in a helicopter above London and later he drew pictures of the city. He doesn’t know the city, he has a photographic memory.

Maximum number of the things people can usually remember from the list is six or seven. But it is possible to train  your brain.

For example Mahvir Jain, from India, memorised eighteen thousand words and their definitions from an English dictionary. His English exams were easy, and now he owns three English schools.

Akira Haraguchi, from Japan, memorised one hundred thousand digits of pi. He recited them in sixteen hours.

Dominic O’ Brien was interested in memory and started to train his brain. He won the World Memory Championships eight times. He memorized two thousand eight hundred and eight cards from fifty-four packs.

NIAGARA FALLS-DON’T LOOK DOWN

Niagara Falls are on the border between Canada and the USA. Although they are not particularly high, they are exceptionally wide. Energy from the falls is now used in a hydroelectric power plant. Niagara Falls (/naɪˈæɡrə/) is the collective name for three waterfalls. Every hour, over 2.5 million liters go over the waterfalls.

Niagara Falls is popular with tourists, and in the past it was also popular with daredevils. Many of them survived but a lot of them died. Some of the daredevils walked on the tightrope over the Falls,  some of them climbed down the rope to a boat and climbed up the rope again. One woman went over the waterfalls in a barrel.

These days daredevil acts are prohibited there and there is a maximum fine of $10,000 (ten thousand dollars).